Author: Charlie Hamilton
A Brief History of Camera
Photographs are important for many reasons. For example, pictures are an indication of the things you value because you would only take photos of significant items, people, or events. Pictures are also useful because they help you store memories that you can share with future generations. In some cases, photographs inspire revolutions in politics or society. Today, the photography industry is worth $82.6 billion and it is growing at an annual rate of 5.9%. The global success of this market is astonishing given its humble beginnings. Here is a brief history of camera.
– The Camera Obscura in Ancient Times
Today, people use cameras from renowned brands such as Nikon, Canon, Sony, and Kodak. The technology used to make them originated from an ancient device known as a camera obscura. It projected the image of an object onto a screen. During the sixth century, a Greek architect in the Byzantine Empire used the camera obscura to conduct his experiments.
His name was Anthemius. In 1000 AD, an Arab known as Alhazen Ibn Al-Haytham invented the pinhole camera. Then in 1685, Johann Zahn envisioned the small portable camera but the invention of this device did not happen during his lifetime. Instead, it occurred during the 1800s.
– The Box Camera in the Late 1800s
John Herschel, a British scientist, was the first person to use the term ‘photography.’ He came up with it in 1839. In the late 1830s, another Briton known as Henry Talbot invented the first negative upon which a person could make a number of positive prints. However, it was George Eastman, an American, who developed the first box camera. He called it a ‘Kodak.’ He started selling his box camera in 1888. The Kodak used a photographic film to capture pictures. The lens focus was not flexible and it had a single shutter speed.
– The Reflex Cameras in the 1920s
One of the biggest problems with the Kodak was that you could only see the object you wanted to photograph through a viewfinder. That means your view was different from that of the lens. To address this problem, innovators developed a Single Lens Reflex (SLR) Camera. The successful design for such a camera occurred in 1861 even though the idea for it had existed since 1676. In 1884, the first SLR cameras went into production.
Unfortunately, the complexities of these cameras were too much for those who wanted them. By the 1920s, innovators had reduced these complications drastically and as such, the SLR cameras became widely popular among professional photographers.
– Digital Cameras in Contemporary Society
Instant cameras were popular before the digital revolution started. Edwin H. Land invented these cameras and the sale of the first one took place in 1948. It is important to note that the top selling camera model of all time was the Model 20 Swinger developed in 1965. It was an instant camera. However, digital cameras changed the world of photography entirely.
Today, all you need is a camera and a storage device. Paper, film, and ink are no longer necessary. The technology for digital cameras dates as far back as the 1960s when NASA started sending digital images back to earth from its space probes. Kodak launched the first Digital SLR camera aimed at the mass market in 1991. Today, digital cameras are the norm.
You may not realize it, but the way you view things is critical to your survival. More specifically, humans and many other organisms see things in 3D. This kind of visual perception allows you to sense danger so that you can calculate a route of escape instantaneously. For example, you can judge how close a car is and then jump out of the way. It sounds like a simple process, but it is highly complex. Experts in visual technology are now making it possible for you to view electronic images in 3D. The question is how they are doing it. In other words, how does 3D technology work?
– The Principle behind It
You have to understand how the human eye works before you can appreciate how 3D technology operates. First, humans have two eyes with a space between them. That is an important point to remember. Each eye captures a slightly different view of a person’s surroundings. Then the brain creates depth as it generates one image from these two views. Stereoscopic vision is the name scientists use to refer to this phenomenon. Similarly, 3D technology produces two distinct images.
Then it sends one image to one eye and the other image to the other eye. That means your eyes are capturing two different images from the electronic source and therefore, your brain creates depth as it processes these images.
– The Principle in Action: Anaglyph Glasses
Anaglyph glasses transmit light in a unique way. Each one of them comes with two lenses. One is red while the other one is cyan. The red lens allows red light to pass through it while the cyan lens allows any color to pass through it except red. That means your eyes would see different images since one lens rests on one eye while the other lens rests on the other eye. Your brain would create depth as it fuses these two images together. Anaglyph glasses are inexpensive and their method of creating 3D images is simple. However, the pictures created in your mind are monochrome and fuzzy. They also make you feel nauseous.
– The Principle in Action: Polarizing Lenses
Light travels as a wave along a particular plane. It can move along this plane in an up-down motion, in a side-to-side motion or both. In this case, you would wear polarizing lenses. Each one would polarize the light in a different way. For example, the right lens would receive light traveling in an up-down motion. The left lens would receive light moving in a side-to-side direction. That means the right and the left eye would receive two different images. Consequently, the brain would create depth as it combines these two images to form one picture. Creating 3D images is also possible through active-shutter and lenticular technology.
– Common Uses of 3D Technology
This advancement is revolutionizing society. For example, movies are now in 3D. Watching such films enhances the feeling that you are a part of what you are seeing. Moreover, 3D technology is taking the gaming world by storm. In fact, almost all video games creators are incorporating it into their latest projects. Architects are also taking advantage of it because they can use it to create an awesome presentation.
The best thing about the world today is that you can record everything that happens in your life. You can even record a road trip from start to finish using a dash cam. This type of camera is necessary for every driver on the road. For instance, how do you support your claims when you get into a car accident? Well, that is simple. The video from your dash cam is all the evidence you need to prove your case against the opposing party. The question is how you choose a dash cam. Here is the best dashcam guide to getting a high-quality unit.
1. The Rexing V1
The best thing about this one is that it comes with a discreet design. That means it would be hard for people outside the car to see it. This quality is important when you are dealing with rowdy drivers on the road. It does that by helping you gather evidence discreetly. If such drivers saw it recording them, then their rage would intensify. The Rexing V1 also comes with a resolution of 1920 X 1080, which is quite clear. Moreover, it comes with loop recording meaning that you do not have to delete old files manually. Instead, it overwrites the oldest files automatically.
2. The TaoTronics DVR Dash Cam
One of the most notable features of this dash cam is its nighttime capabilities. It will not record blurred videos when you are driving at night. Instead, the pixels in videos shot at night will be clear. The TaoTronics Dash Cam also comes with a wide-angle lens giving it an enhanced view of your side. More specially, it has a 160 degrees wide-angle lens. Operating this dash cam is easy. For example, it starts capturing video when you turn on your car’s ignition switch. It stops when you turn it off.
3. The ITrue X3
The resolution on this dash cam is excellent i.e. it has Full HD capabilities with a resolution of 1920 X 1080. It records at 30 frames per second. The wide angle is even better than that of the TaoTronics DVR Dash Cam. More specifically, the ITrue X3 has a wide angle of 179 degrees, which is amazing because it can view your side almost entirely. This dash cam also has an endless looping feature. Moreover, the night vision qualities of the ITrue X3 are exceptional. Another great quality of this dash cam is the sleek design it has making it suitable for high-end cars or for people who just want something classy in their car.
4. The Wheel Witness HD PRO
As the name suggests, this dash cam is a good choice if you are looking at the quality of the video it produces. It has a resolution of 2560 X 1080 or 2306 X 1296. That is the highest resolution available on any dash cam in the market. Another great thing about this camera is that it comes with GPS capabilities. That means you can monitor your car’s movement on Google Maps as you drive through the city or in the country.
5. Z-Edge 3 Inch Screen 2-K Ultra
This dash cam has a great resolution of 2560 X 1080. It records videos at 30 frames per second with a wide angle of 145 degrees. It also has an endless looping feature. Moreover, it records automatically when you switch on the car ignition. It stops recording when you switch it off. Lastly, it can protect your videos from deletion. That is an important feature if teenagers drive your car regularly. To put it differently, you would examine their driving skills and then advise them appropriately.
Most Playing Computer Games of 2014
The video gaming industry is booming with market analysts predicting revenue sales worth $99.6 billion this year. In 2015, computer games accounted for the latest share of this market. More specifically, sales in this market segment stood at $32 billion in 2015. PC games are popular because they are cheap. Moreover, these games are almost infinite so players can choose the ones that suit their personal taste and preferences. Here are the 7 most playing computer games of 2014.
1. Dragon Age: Inquisition
In this game, you play the part of an Inquisitor. Your job is to close a tear in the skies known as the Breach. Can you do it? Those who believe in you see you as the only one who can do it. You should not disappoint them. Developed by a Canadian company called BioWare, this game is exciting and unique. You should try it sometime.
Can you imagine battling scores of soldiers and the jungle at the same time? Well, this game provides that kind of thrill for you. You get to play the part Ajay Ghale, an American who is also a citizen of a fictional Himalayan country. The country is in chaos as civil war reigns there, but you have to complete several missions and you must not fail. Are you ready for this mission?
3. Valiant Hearts: The Great War
The name says it all. This game is about World War 1 also known as the Great War. The inspiration for creating it came from letters written by soldiers who took part in this massive conflict. In it, four characters come to the aid of a German soldier. More specifically, they help him find the one he loves. Valiant Hearts is a powerful game revolving around sacrifice, friendship, and survival.
Released in October 2014, this game became an instant hit among game enthusiasts. The most appealing part about it is its gothic theme. For example, using weapons, magic spells, or alchemy to achieve your objective is possible. You also get to solve riddles, complete puzzles, and search for hidden treasures among other things. This game is a sequel to Legend of Grimrock I.
5. Dark Souls II
Bandai Namco published this game in early 2014 making it available for use on Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360, and PlayStation 3. The setting of the game is the fictional world of Drangleic. Here, you would battle against the harsh environment found in Drangleic and some of the characters that exist there. The game is a sequel to Dark Souls I. Dark Souls I had sold more than 2.3 million three years after its release. This sequel might perform just as well as its predecessor did.
6. Wolfenstein: The New Order
This game has an interesting setting. Can you imagine living in a situation where the Germans had won Second World War? That is a terrifying thought because fighting your way through such a dictatorial regime would be difficult, dangerous, and exhilarating. Are you up to the task? The game progresses in chapters and you have to make a moral choice before you start it.
7. Alien: Isolation
This list would not be complete without a computer game that focuses on Aliens. Alien places an emphasis on survival horror and stealth. As a player, you have to outsmart an alien creature throughout the game. You can do that with gadgets such as a flamethrower and a motion tracker. The inspiration for this game came from the 1979 horror film known as Alien. Ridley Scott, a renowned producer, directed that movie.
Affordable Trail Cameras
Hunting is an activity that is almost as old as humanity itself. More specifically, people have hunted animals for survival for thousands of years. However, hunting techniques and tools have changed over the years. Humans stopped using spears a long time ago. Today, people use guns, trail cameras, and traps among other tools of this trade.
Unfortunately, finding the best gear possible is difficult. For example, you might find a trail camera that has great quality, but it may be expensive. At other times, you might find a cheap one with poor quality. The best thing to do is to turn to a guide on these gadgets that takes their price and quality into account. Here is a buying guide for affordable trail cameras. Use it so that you can choose a low-cost camera with great functionality.
1. The D5X from Wild Game Innovations
This trail camera retails at only $39.99 making it one of the most affordable cameras of its kind. It can take still photos with a resolution of 5MP, which means you will see the pictures it takes clearly. The D5X can also take videos of its surroundings. The display resolution for such videos is 320×240 pixels. That is a reasonable resolution for such a low price. The format for the pictures and videos is JPEG and AVI respectively. This trail camera comes with a small internal memory of only 32 MB. Therefore, purchasing a micro SD card to store your pictures and videos would be a good idea. Finally, the D5X is a dual flash camera with both infrared and strobe flash.
2. The Scouting Camera from Stealth Cam
Stealth Cam, based in Grand Prairie, Texas, manufactured this camera for functionality and durability. For example, this camera has 6.0MP meaning that it has a higher resolution than the D5X from Wild Game Innovations. However, the price on it reflects this higher level of quality. More specifically, it costs $57.50, which is $17.51 higher than the D5X.
Another important feature it has is 12 infrared emitters that can cover 50 feet of its surroundings. This hunting Camera also has a time and date stamp in addition to one focusing on the phases of the moon. Moreover, it comes with a low-battery indicator so you can change its settings or replace the battery before it runs out of power. Finally, this Scouting Camera has a durable 3-D camouflage housing that will last for a long time.
3. The A-20 Mini Game Camera from Moultrie
Referred to as the Moultrie A-20, this trail camera has a display resolution of 12 MP, which is quite high for a low-priced camera. It only goes for $67.63. Additionally, it can take videos. These clips will have a resolution of 480 pixels. The flash technology on it includes long range infrared with a wavelength range of 850 nanometers. The range for this flash in terms of distance is 50 feet. Finally, the Moultrie A-20 has a trigger speed of less than a second meaning you would never miss any action within its surroundings. This camera is a good one for you to have if you can afford it.
Facts About Residential Security Drones
Drones are the latest craze in the world of technology. In fact, the market for these gadgets could reach $127 billion in 2020. Currently, it stands at $2 billion annually. People use drones for a variety of reasons. The most common use of it is for military purposes where the US and other governments target terrorists with it.
However, other less controversial uses of this device exist. For example, photographers and filmmakers use it to take aerial photographs. Some companies use it to verify business claims and you can use it to improve your home security. Here are some interesting facts to know about residential security drones.
– They Can Take Pictures of Criminal Activities around Your Home
Many people think of drones as delivery items. For example, Amazon plans to use them to transport packages to their clients. Drones also carry missiles for use in military campaigns. However, residential ones are a bit different. They come with HD cameras that have 720 pixels. Others have either low or high-quality cameras depending on the manufacturer and the price you paid for it. The purpose of these drones is to help you see what is happening around your home. That means you do not have to go outside when you hear strange noises at night. Instead, you can launch your drone and it will help you see what is causing the strange noise.
– They Can Respond To Emergencies Quickly
Responsiveness is critical when it comes to enhancing security. Sometimes, it might take minutes or even hours before anyone responds to your cry for help. It may also take a lot of time before you know what the actual threat is. Residential security drones can weigh anything from 300 grams to 20 kilograms. It all depends on their features and the materials the manufacturer used to make them. That means they can fly quickly to wherever you need them to go. They can also maneuver around buildings and trees among other obstacles without much difficulty. Remember, once a potential robber is likely to run away once he sees a drone following him. You can also send the pictures taken by your drone to the police or the neighborhood watch team.
– They Are Easy To Repair and Operate
A little training is necessary before you operate a plane or install a security system. In contrast, drones are easy to run. In fact, you can operate one after you look at the manual a few times. Additionally, repairing a drone is not difficult because online tutorials on how to repair them exist. Moreover, the sale of drones for recreational use may increase from 1.9 million units in 2016 to 4.3 million units in 2020. This figure indicates that millions of people operate drones as a hobby. You can do it for a greater purpose than that. Get a residential security drone today.
– They Can Carry Emergency Materials
You may need medical attention if someone invades your home. In this case, you would need a first aid kit as soon as possible. Getting this kit to the place it needs to be may be difficult so using a drone to get it there might be helpful. Remember, drones can deliver pizza and books to your house. Therefore, delivering a life-saving pill or an inhaler should be possible.